- Hyponatremia assessment begins with an assessment of the severity, chronicity and of volume status.
- Severe, symptomatic hyponatremia is uncommon (~1% of patients), but it is a medical emergency.
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Video on working through a diagnostic algorithm for Hyponatremia
This section was adapted from content using the following evidence based resources in combination with expert consensus. The presented information is not intended to replace the independent medical or professional judgment of physicians or other health care providers in the context of individual clinical circumstances to determine a patient’s care.
Authors: Dr. Neesh Pannu, Dr. Rahima Bhanji, Dr. Marilyn Zeman, Dr. Vijey Selvarajah, Dr. Puneeta Tandon
- EASL Clinical Practice Guidelines for the management of patients with decompensated cirrhosis. J Hepatol 2018 Aug;69(2):406-460 PMID 29653741
- Hoorn EJ et al. Diagnosis and Treatment of Hyponatremia: Compilation of the Guidelines. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. May 2017, 28(5):1340-1349 PMID 28174217
- Bajaj JS et al. The Impact of Albumin Use on Resolution of Hyponatremia in Hopsitalized Patients with Cirrhosis. Am J Gastroenterol 2018 Sep;113(9):1339 PMID 29880972